An analysis of hospitalization records reveals that syphilis rates have steadily risen from 1.6 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 1990 to 13.7 per 100,000 in 2001, an eightfold increase.
The Czech Republic is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children trafficked from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Moldova, Lithuania, Romania, Bulgaria, Slovakia, China, and Vietnam into and through the Czech Republic mainly for the purpose of sexual exploitation.
Brothels line the country's roads to Austria and Germany, the source of many customers.
Weekend trips to Prague for some tourists also include visits to erotic clubs.
Of the 12 convicted, three received unconditional prison sentences of three to five years, and nine received conditional or suspended sentences.
Police training curricula included segments on trafficking, and a new internal website for police provided trafficking awareness information.
The government funded several NGOs and international organizations for sheltering and care of victims; two of the Czech Republic’s principal organizations provided shelter to 68 trafficking victims in 2004.
The Ministry of Interior is currently collaborating with IOM to produce a demand-reduction campaign targeting clients of commercial sex outlets along the Czech-German border area.
The government houses victims and potential victims applying for asylum with other at-risk groups in guarded asylum centers to prevent unwanted contact with traffickers.
While enforcement statistics improved during the reporting period, sentences imposed on traffickers remained low.
The Czech police increased its capacity to investigate and convict traffickers over the reporting period, although the overall numbers of cases prosecuted pursuant to anti-trafficking legislation remained low and sentences imposed remained weak.
Amendments to the Czech Penal Code went into effect in November 2004, making all forms of trafficking illegal, including labor exploitation and internal trafficking.
Maximum trafficking penalties were increased from 12 to 15 years, with a minimum penalty of two years.